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Pending Publications from USDA ARS National Program 108: Food Safety
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Title: Direct polymerization of vernonia oil through cationic means
Authors: Biswas T, Cheng J, Klasson KT, Liu Z, Berfield J, Ayoride, F
Journal: J Am Oil Chem Soc
Accepted date: 2014 Jan 23
Interpretive summary: There has been a constant demand for environmentally friendly lubricants. The interest intensified during the last decade due to strict government and environmental regulations. Most of the current lubricants originate from petroleum stock, which is toxic to environment and difficult to dispose of. Certain vegetable oils are considered to be potential candidates to substitute conventional mineral oil-based lubricating oils. Vegetable oils are preferred to synthetic fluids because they are renewable resources and potentially cheaper. We have developed a novel catalyst to convert bio-oils at room temperature into potentially useful lubricants. Vernonia oil is available commercially and seems to be a useful raw material for the development of new biobased lubricants. Depending on the polymerization conditions, different viscosities have been achieved to produce a family of possible lubricants. These new polymers may be used as caulks, lubricants and as ingredients in coatings, cosmetics, biodiesel fuel. These may also be used as a possible additive in lubricant formulations in order to increase their viscosities, or as a thickener in various commercial formulations that involve mineral or vegetable oils. This discovery will benefit farms that grow crops that contain significant amounts of oil and those companies involved with oilseed processing.