Food Safety Research Information Office
Title:Interventions and Methodologies to Reduce Human Food-borne Bacterial Pathogens in Chickens
Objective:The purpose of the Poultry Microbiological Safety Research Unit is to further reduce or eliminate bacterial pathogen contamination in poultry operations and the following objectives are to: 1. Assess the effectiveness and further development of bacteriocins (anti-bacterial peptides) and bacteriophage by in vitro bacterial growth inhibition in culture and in vivo experimentation via challenge in chickens. 2. Reduce bacterial populations in chicken litter by monitoring poultry houses for bacterial pathogens carried by chickens during use of intervention technologies. Decontamination techniques, such as in-house foam applied disinfectants will be examined for reduction of Campylobacter spp., Salmonella spp., Clostridium perfringens and Listeria monocytogenes. 3. Improve cultural methods for Campylobacter spp. in poultry in further support of FSIS needs, including the improvement of recovery. Use microarray expression analysis under various cultural conditions to identify nutrients necessary for optimal growth, colonization and culture of Campylobacter spp.
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Approach: New antimicrobial agents will be developed that are usable by the poultry farmer on a large scale to reduce Campylobacter spp. and salmonellae by applying in feed at the appropriate times before slaughter. Also, new means for the drug-free production sector to control clostridial disease without relying on antibiotics are the major expected approaches of Objective 1. Providing a science based source of data to better dispose of spent poultry litter without major energy or financial inputs is the approach for Objective 2. A more reliable and quantitative method to routinely culture Campylobacter spp. from food and environmental samples is the approach of Objective 3.
Funding Source:United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS)
Type:Appropriated
Start Date:2011
End Date:2012
Project Number:6612-32000-061-00
Accession Number:421064
Institutions:USDA/ARS - South Atlantic Area
Investigators:Buhr, Richard
Cox, Nelson
Hiett, Kelli
Line, John
Seal, Bruce
Published Journal
Articles USDA
ARS (NP 108):
Variations in preenrichment pH of poultry feed and feed ingredients after incubation periods up to 48 hours
Cox Jr NA, Cason JA, Buhr RJ, Richardson KE, Richardson LJ, Rigsby LL, Cray PJ.
J Appl Poultry Res. 2013 Jun;22(2):190-5.
Food Safety Categories:Food and Feed Composition and Characteristics
On-Farm Food Safety
Methodology
Farm-to-Table categories:On-farm food production
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